Best Linux Distributions for Scientists and IT Professionals

The world of Linux distributionsThere are many categories that have served their purpose and have been a benefit to everyone in the open-source community. Linux offers the advantage of being able to choose. This is the case with Science distributions.

Some may believe that Linux is a distribution of one operating system. In reality, it’s a plethora of distributions all working together in harmony.

Distributions, as you all know, are variations of flavor that use a generic base. Ubuntu, Debian,Or ArchThey differ in their user interfaces.

The problem is that major distributions don’t provide enough information about what they actually deliver. Let’s just name one popular distro. Linux MintThis is a good example, but it is difficult to choose the right one for specialists despite all its bells & whistles.

Distributions that target the related keyword will enjoy the most benefit and in such a case, we’re introducing the best Linux distributionsFor the science crowd/nerds.


While Linux is a common and popular operating system, it’s not the only one. There are many other operating systems and distributions that can be used for science, but not all of them can be used for Linux. We will be focusing on the most relevant ones for Linux.

1. CAELinux 2020

If you’re looking to work with Linux in a research setting, there are a few options. CAELinux 2020This Linux distribution is specifically for IT professionals and scientists.

It’s built on top of the Gladetoolkit makes it easy for Linux systems with at least 1GB of RAM to use the toolkit. You can also use it as a LiveDVD LinuxDistribution. You can boot directly off a DVD or USB flashdrive without the need for installation.

CAELinux - Engineering Linux Distro
CAELinux – Engineering Linux Distro

You can find many useful packaged tools like SalomeCFDCode-Saturne is a 5.3 MPI that includes an integrated GUI. Calculix integrated into FreeCAD. Salome_Meca 2019 has Code-Aster 14.4 FAA suite. OpenFOAM v7 integrates with Helyx OS GUI to set up your CFD Simulations.

One important note is that it’s based on an older version of Ubuntu. However LTS, it may not be your bread and butter when it comes to updates, I have no reservation – again, considering the fact that they base their releases on long-term Ubuntu install candidates.

2. Fedora Robotic Suite

Fedora Robotics SuiteThis software is designed for the hobbyist side of robotics. It includes all the tools needed for electronics enthusiasts.

Fedora Robotics Suite
Fedora Robotics Suite

As a platform-agnostic software/robotic development kit, it consists of multiple interfaces and systems. Fedora Robotic SuiteThis simplifies the process of getting to know real robots quickly. Use robots to communicate and create robotic applications.

3. Fedora Astronomy Suite

Fedora AstronomyFedora has a collection of programs that provide features for imaging, spectroscopy and photometry. The packages can be used in any order and are designed to work together.

The user is prompted to select which applications the package will include during installation. This helps to minimize friction. This project aims to be simple, as it reduces the configuration and installation required to get started.

Fedora Astronomy
Fedora Astronomy

This is an experiment to see what happens. FedoraIt can be used as a starting platform for astrophysics software. This operating system was designed to be simple to use by all science nerds regardless of their Linux experience. It has many applications, is small in size, and is compatible to most modern astronomical programs.

4. Fedora Scientific

As a Linux distribution intended for science geeks. Fedora ScientificWhen it comes to standing tall against the main Linux distributions, it does not fall behind.

Fedora ScientificLinux is an operating system that propels the hopes for science outside of information technology/computer sciences by slowly allowing the interloping traditional scientists with Linux.

Once installed, you can perform many types of scientific calculations, including stats. Fedora Scientific, an open-source software package that runs on Linux, is used to study the movement and dynamics of objects in the real world.

Even better, scientific packages allow for scientific calculations that are impossible on other operating systems.

Fedora Scientific
Fedora Scientific

With this software, you can analyze the movement of objects in the physical world and although provided as an installable package for a variety of systems, it doesn’t bode well with most systems without some serious configuration post-installation to ensure everything is humming right.

As we’ve indicated earlier, the full-fledged Fedora Scientific installation iso does eclipse the traditional install that is typically the route inexperienced users take which may end up resulting in a kernel panic or randomized behaviors due to kernel incompatibility.

Fedora Scientific, as a whole, should be installed on a Fedora Base System for an optimal experience so that you can make accurate scientific deductions.

5. Lin4Neuro

Lin4NeuroScientific Linux distribution is a niche player on this list, with a history going back many years and having its origins from Japan. This Linux distribution is intended for neuroimaging analysis.

Lin4NeuroIt is categorically regarded by specialists in neuroscience as the de facto operation system. This is because it is operated by a veteran in this field who is apparently available for support to users of the same caliber.

Lin4Neuro - Linux Distro for Neuroimaging Analysis
Lin4Neuro – Linux Distro for Neuroimaging Analysis

The most recent version of Lin4NeuroIt is built on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS. It uses the exact same XFCE desktop environment as Xubuntu similar lightweight distributionsThis will make it easier for users to use the app.

However, it is important to note that there’s no guarantee the bundled applications will run satisfactorily on really dated hardware.

6. Bio Linux

Bio LinuxThe most well-known Linux distribution is the operating system. There are a number of reasons why this is the case and that’s what we’re going to talk about in this article.

Bio-LinuxIs it a Debian-based Linux distributionIt was designed to be as user-friendly and intuitive as possible. It is also trusted for its reliability and security.

Bio-Linux - Scientific Linux Distribution
Bio-Linux – Scientific Linux Distribution

This is achieved using the latest versions security software included with the operating systems. Developed by the reputable UK-based Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, Bio Linux is here to stay.

Bio Linux is an operating system for bioinformatics. It can be installed easily on your system and used as a companion to your lab-related explorations. Bio Linux comes with 250 preinstalled tools and packages, which is why it was included in this list.


A comprehensive list of operating systems like the distributions for science is impossible to compile, especially considering the possibility that there may be even more flavors.

Popularity is an important criterion. This tends to correlate with product quality. These operating systems will cover the majority of science-related uses cases that you wouldn’t be able to access with a traditional Linux distro.

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